Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte - Book review, Summary, Characters, Analysis & Quotations
Jane Eyre is a classic handed down in the history of British literature. It successfully shaped the first British literary history to adopt an independent and proactive attitude toward love, life, society, and religion, and to dare to fight and dare. The image of women fighting for freedom and equality.
All women who love literary works like to read Charlotte's, Jane Eyre. If we think Charlotte wrote Jane Eyre just to write this love. I thought, wrong. The author, also a woman, lived in the fluctuating mid-19th century in England, when thinking had a fresh start. And it is this kind of thought that penetrates the most in "Jane Eyre" - the independent consciousness of women.
Jane Eyre's independence has long been strangled in her childhood life; if she did not have that independence, she would have lived with Rochester, who has a wife and daughter, and started a new life with money and status; if she did not have that purity, "Jane Eyre" in our hands is no longer a moving classic. So, I started to think, why "Jane Eyre" moved us is her independent character.
"Jane Eyre" gives people a strong feeling, but after reading it, it will make people stronger. Perhaps, this is Charlotte Bronte's unique words and imagination, the charm of "Jane Eyre"!
Appreciation of Jane Eyre
This novel is a realistic novel with strong romanticism. The author describes the love between Jane Eyre and Rochester with elegant and delicate writing. The protagonist Jane Eyre is a pure-hearted and thoughtful woman who lives at the bottom of society and suffers a lot.
But she has a stubborn character and the courage to pursue equality and happiness. With strong lyrical brushwork and deep and delicate psychological description, the novel fascinatingly displays the tortuous love experiences of the hero and heroine and sings praises for getting rid of all old customs and prejudices.
The deep love rooted in mutual understanding and mutual respect has a strong artistic power that shocks the soul. Its most successful point is to create an image of a woman who dares to resist and fight for freedom and equality.
Book: Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte
About the Author Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte
Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855), an English novelist, was born into a poor priest's family, studied in a boarding school, and became a teacher and governess. In 1847, Charlotte Bronte published the famous novel "Jane Eyre", which caused a sensation in the literary world.
From the autumn of 1848 to 1849 her brother and two sisters died one after another. Under the shadow and confusion of death, she insisted on completing the book "Sherry", pinning her mourning for her sister Emily, and describing the spontaneous labor movement in England in the early days.
She also wrote, "Villette" (1853) and "The Teacher" (1857), both of which were based on her own life experiences. Charlotte Brontë is good at describing natural scenery with lyrical brushwork, and her works have strong emotional colors.
Jane Eyre's character traits
Jane Eyre is a strong, simple, flexible, independent, and aggressive woman. She despised the arrogance of the powerful and laughed at their stupidity, showing her self-reliant personality and beautiful ideals.
She has tenacious vitality and never bows her head to fate. She is an enthusiastic and unrestrained person who dares to act, dare to love, and hate.
Analysis of Jane Eyre's Character Traits
1. Self-esteem and independence, rebellious and rebellious
Jane Eyre dared to conflict with her arrogant and cruel cousin John in her aunt's house, and she had a rebellious character and the spirit of defending her independent personality.
2. Pursue spiritual freedom and equality
When Jane Eyre found out that she fell in love with her master, she dared to love in the case of disparity in status, because she firmly believed that all people were equal in spirit.
3. Strong will and wisdom
The tragic experience in the charity school shows Jane Eyre's strength and amazing willpower. Jane Eyre stayed under such difficult conditions for 10 years with her tenacious vitality.
4. passionate feelings, dare to pursue true and complete love
Knowing that Rochester has a mad legal wife, she rejected his love, she did not want to be a mistress, she still wanted true and complete love. However, when Jane Eyre left Rochester, she did not abandon him emotionally; on the contrary, her love was like martyrdom, single-minded enough to make an eternal sacrifice for her, when she was poor, and when she was rich, In this way, Rochester will not be abandoned because of his physical disability.
Excerpts and appreciation of Jane Eyre's classic quotations from reading notes
Jane Eyre is the representative work of Charlotte Bronte, a famous British female writer in the 19th century. Autobiographical works of color. This article has compiled excerpts of good words and sentences from "Jane Eyre", welcome to read.
Jane Eyre is an excellent literary masterpiece. Today we will read this book and write Jane Eyre's reading notes to share with you. I hope you will learn some literary knowledge and improve your literary quality.
1. Excerpts from "Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte"
- Speech and behavior, troubled, far-sighted, painstaking, standing with arms folded, ignorant, meaningful
- Clumsy-mouthed, sneaky, noisy, lonely, scornful, well-known, unscrupulous
- Submissive, confused, miserable, separated by the world, fresh in memory, insipid, doubtful dissipated
- Judging people by their appearance, incredible, firm as flint, cloudy, sleepless night, vivid, careful
- Unique, unthinking, uncontrollable, racking their brains, ignorant, arrogant, and asking for nothing
2. Excerpt from Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte
1. Life is too short to hold grudges. In life, everyone makes mistakes, but we will die soon. Our sins will disappear with our bodies, leaving only a spiritual spark. That's why I never wanted revenge and never thought life was unfair. I live a peaceful life, waiting for the end to come.
2. I was so angry that I was unbearably jealous. But my anger was quenched when I saw the elegant villain (I knew him and despised him in the first place) and heard their callous, frivolous conversation. Jealousy also vanished. Because such a woman is not worthy of my love, and such a rival in love is not worthy of my hatred.
3. I couldn't control my eyes and couldn't help but look at him like a dry-mouthed person who knows the water is poisonous but still wants to drink it. I had no intention of loving him at first, and I also tried my best to pinch off the buds of love, but when I saw him again, the love in my heart was resurrected.
4. I used to love Mr. Rochester so much that I almost thought of him as a god. Although now I don't think he is evil either. But can I trust him anymore? Can I go back to him? I knew I had to leave him. To me he is not him he used to be. Not what I imagined him to be. My love has been lost. My hopes were dashed, and I lay in bed groggy, just wanting to die. Darkness slowly enveloped me.
5. If God gave me wealth and beauty, I would make it difficult for you to leave me, just as it is difficult for me to leave you now. But God didn't arrange it that way. But our spirits are equal. Just as you and I walked through the grave and stood before God as equals.
3. Excerpts and insights from Jane Eyre's classic quotations:
1. Excerpt: If you can't avoid it, you have to endure it. The inability to endure what life is meant to endure is weakness and stupidity.
Appreciation: This sentence is very encouraging, because it seems to be a way for people to endure something, and it is a way of grievance, but we often say that a man can bend and stretch. The sea is wide and the fish leaps, and the sky is high and the birds fly.” It will only be available when the time is right. Before that, we must continue our strength and create such conditions.
2. Excerpt: The more lonely I am, the fewer friends, the less support I have, and the more I have to respect myself.
Comprehension: Many people like friends, but in fact, whenever you want to make friends, you need strength and conditioning. No one makes friends with you for no reason. Therefore, most of us actually seem to have many friends, but in the final analysis, it is true that friends are a minority. Therefore, it can also be said that each of us is alone, and there is nothing to fear in such a life. For this reason, we learn to respect ourselves and find a way to attract dignity to our hearts.
3. Excerpt: Even if the whole world hates you and believes you are bad, as long as you have a clear conscience and know you are innocent, you will not be without friends.
Comprehension: Life cannot be without grievances and setbacks. When we are treated unfairly like this, we should use our strong hearts and kindness to give feedback. Over time, we will always move others and let people see our bright side, but We have to remember one thing, that is, we must be innocent people. If we are not upright, we will encounter troubles and cannot get rid of them, and we will not have real friends.
4. Excerpt: Violence is not the best way to eliminate hatred. Likewise, revenge will never heal the harm.
Comprehension: The world is full of violence. Whether in history or in contemporary society, we can see all kinds of violent incidents, and hatred is also full of complex human nature in this complex society. It is the truth that should be solved rather than knotted. We should repay grievances with virtue and turn battles into jade and silk.
5. Excerpt: I am poor, humble, and not beautiful, but when our souls come to God through the grave, we are all equal.
Comprehension: This sentence shows us Jane Eyre's fighting spirit as a self-respecting person. Although she was born in a poor family and was treated unfairly by people, she has been working hard, but people are in front of God. All should be equal and have the same rights. This is Jane Eyre's worldview.
6. Excerpt: Love yourself, don't give your whole heart, soul, and strength as gifts generously and waste them where they are not needed and despised.
Comprehension: Everyone should learn to love themselves, have a clean heart, and protect their hearts from pollution in the chaotic world. Such people are rare, and everyone's strength is also very limited. Use your strength to do the right thing, do what you should do, and don't waste it on those who don't deserve it.
7. Excerpt: The first time I took revenge on someone, I tasted it, like drinking. When you drink it, it is fragrant and mellow, but after that, your mouth is full of bitterness.
Comprehension: This passage has taught us how to deal with our own hatred. People will inevitably have setbacks and hatreds, but as long as it has nothing to do with life and death and integrity, we should learn to repay hatred with virtue, resolve grievances, and face the knot with a broad mind. Baijia Note Network www.simayi.net Even if we use some means of revenge, we will feel some fun at first, but we will soon regret it. The bitterness after the fragrant glycol is a sequela, and we must be cautious.
8. Excerpt: I will always be gentle and sincere to people whose hearts are like water, soft and steady, tame and strong, bendable but not bendable.
Comprehension: I like the Taoist saying very much, "The best kindness is like water, and water is good for all things without fighting, so it is almost equal to the Tao". The most powerful heart and way of doing things in this world are just like water. In front of him, everything will be turned into history. Our hearts must be like water, learn to bend, learn to overcome rigidity with softness and learn to be gentle and sincere.
9. Excerpt: Pity is nothing but a selfish and ruthless person in the heart, the self-centered pain after hearing about the disaster is mixed with blind contempt for the victim!
Comprehension: Does this sentence make sense? It seems to be a supreme philosophy, but in fact, it is not profound. It is only the explanation and analysis of the characters in the novel on hatred, using a method of using evil to overcome evil. Therefore, for those who have compassion, There is also malicious speculation that this is incorrect and will continue to deepen the psychology of hatred.
10. Excerpt: The real world is infinitely vast, a world full of hope and worry, excitement and excitement waiting for those who have the courage to take all kinds of risks and pursue the true meaning of life.
Comprehension: Most people's lives and lives are ordinary because only a very small number of people's lives have passion and excitement because this requires extremely high conditions, the sky is high and the sea has always existed, but it is also full of worries, this is what we often The contradiction mentioned in the unity of opposites, and it is a kind of philosophical thinking. Looking at the world, we will find that there are only a few courageous people. They are wrong, everyone has their own ideals, we have no reason or excuse to stop them, and the successful ones are envied by the world.
Book Summary: Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte
Two hundred years ago, Britain was the number one industrial power in the world, but the status of women was not as high as its industrial achievements.
At that time, the main force of work was still men, and the main work of women was to marry a good man. The goal of most women was to marry a rich or powerful man.
In this way, even if you are not a wealthy girl, you can obtain wealth and status through marriage.
There are also women who write, but they are all scolded as immoral and deviant. In the eyes of some people, women should have children at home and be single-minded housewives.
Wherever there is oppression, there is resistance, but when the oppression is too heavy, resistance becomes extremely difficult.
Charlotte Bronte, the author of Jane Eyre, is an example of defiance.
The book "Jane Eyre" is the autobiography of her resistance, the testimony of her successful resistance, and the practice of her learning to love herself.
In this life, the greatest practice is to learn to love yourself.
Jane Eyre, an orphan, was fostered at Uncle Reed's house after her father died, but Uncle Reed died soon after.
My aunt regarded her as a thorn in her side beat her, scolded her, abused her, and locked her in a terrible little darkroom.
There, she was inferior to the servants at home, because she was too young to do the work that the servants did.
None of the cousins in the family looked down on her, and everyone bullied her and beat her.
But Jane Eyre never gave in, she kept resisting.
Later, Jane Eyre was sent to school. The school rules were very strict. Jane Eyre suffered a lot, but she also grew up gradually. Whether it was painting or playing the piano, Jane Eyre learned very well.
The only thing that makes people unsatisfactory is that Jane Eyre is not getting more and more beautiful. She is not tall, her skin is not white, and her appearance is not good. Despite this, Jane Eyre is self-esteem and self-confidence.
The world is cruel. Jane Eyre understands that only if she is good enough can she be able to love herself. Otherwise, like most women in that world, marriage is the only way out.
A few years later, Jane Eyre, who has learned a little, found a job as a tutor.
For a person to be truly free and capable of loving herself, she cannot depend on others for everything.
Because relying on others to live, if others turn around and leave, you will have no support, and relying on your own ability to live is more secure than anything else.
Jane Eyre loves herself, first of all, she is independent, and spiritually, she does not depend on anyone.
She is kind, but definitely not kind to everyone.
She is proud of herself and did not let herself go with the flow because of the times. She tried her best to maintain her dignity.
And, as she got older, she became more and more capable of guarding her dignity and values.
Secondly, in terms of material things, she lived with her aunt in the early years. Although she was abused and sometimes denied food to her, she was never servile.
Later, when she went to school, although she suffered a lot, she always insisted that she would never wrong her heart because of material things.
To truly love yourself does not mean that you have to eat delicious food from mountains and seas, or wear the best dress, but even if the food is simple and the clothes are not gorgeous enough, you will never feel inferior or change yourself because of this. the original intention.
After becoming a tutor, Jane Eyre met Rochester.
The owner of the manor where is a tutor in Rochester, in other words, Rochester is Jane Eyre's father.
But facing Rochester, Jane Eyre was neither humble nor arrogant and did not feel inferior at all because of her status as a tutor.
They chatted together, Rochester told his story, and she came to understand him and fell in love with him.
In the face of love, people are often blind and even lose themselves easily.
In terms of identity, Rochester is rich and is still Jane Eyre's "gold father".
And Jane Eyre, a poor family, is an orphan with no inheritance of a penny.
But Jane Eyre loved Rochester, and Rochester fell in love with Jane Eyre.
But when Jane Eyre learned that Rochester had been married fifteen years ago, she chose to leave.
In the face of Rochester's retention, Jane Eyre could not stand this deception, she said:
Do you think that if I am poor, humble, unbeautiful, and petty, I have no soul and no heart? You are wrong, I have as many souls and as fulfilling hearts as you. If God gave me a little beauty and a lot of money, I would make it difficult for you to leave me, just as it is difficult for me to leave you now. I am not speaking to you now in terms of social life and customs, but my heart speaks to yours. I am not a bird, and I am not caught in a snare, I am a free man with my own will, and I use it now to resolve to leave you.
A person's highest self-love is not to let oneself indulge but to be who he insists on being.
What kind of person is Jane Eyre? What does she want to be?
In her opinion, everyone is equal, this is not an empty phrase, and having money, power, and good looks is not a reason to deceive and insult others. Everyone is the same and equal in the soul.
And now, Rochester cheated on her, so even though she loved him, she couldn't accept the cheating.
The most unbearable thing was not that he had ever been married, but that he had not confessed to her.
She can't stand others manipulating her life.
People are their own, and only when they have themselves first can they know how to love others.
To truly love yourself is to be who you want to be.
After leaving Rochester, Jane Eyre lived and slept all the way, and even made a living by begging. Later, she was taken in by a priest and had the opportunity to teach in a small school.
Fate is so strange, or it is Charlotte's kindness to the protagonist. Life will not be so lucky. When you are down, no one will suddenly send you 10,000 dollars.
But Jane Eyre met her. Her uncle left her a legacy, and the pastor who took her in happened to be her cousin.
With this property, Jane Eyre did not occupy it completely but divided the property equally with her cousin.
Some time ago, his former father-in-law and mother-in-law's family had an unpleasant riot because of money matters, and they were still making a lot of noise on the Internet. Before, I saw some family members on the Internet. Because of money matters, they went to court, and money became the grave of human nature.
But Jane Eyre, who was poor and lonely since childhood, was able to give half of it to her cousin after receiving a gift.
You know, even as a governess at the Rochester family, she can't make much money a month. The money distributed may take her to work for decades to earn it back. She is willing to take it out. Is she stupid?
No, absolutely not.
For Jane Eyre, this is precisely her most self-love performance.
There are many people in the world who spend their energy and energy on money, thinking that they love themselves, but in fact, they love money and put themselves under the slavery of money.
No one can deny the importance of money, but the rarest thing is the kind of detachment that people face when facing money. That is the true love for oneself and the most extravagant love for oneself. What is money? People and things that you care about are more important than money.
Misers don't love themselves, they love money. The miser doesn't love himself, he loves money, and the comparison of arguing is not self-love, but vanity.
Those who truly love themselves are never those who are willing to be slaves of material things.
Jane Eyre loves herself, but she also shows that she doesn't hold on to the past.
When Jane Eyre grew up, her aunt who had abused her wanted to see her and asked for her forgiveness. Jane Eyre did not dwell on the past, no matter how painful the past was.
How did my aunt treat Jane Eyre before?
She beat her, discriminated against her, and abused her in various ways. Isn't this kind of pain?
No, it was very painful. Even when Jane Eyre was locked in the "red house" by her aunt, she was frightened and fainted. At that time, she wanted to leave the house.
But after many years, the person who had abused her asked for forgiveness in front of her. Jane Eyre did not blame her aunt but chose to forgive.
There is a sentence in it:
Life is too short to hold grudges. In life, everyone makes mistakes, but we will die soon. Our sins will disappear with our bodies, leaving only a spiritual spark. That's why I never wanted revenge and never thought life was unfair. I live peacefully, waiting for the end to come.
Hating someone can't change the past, but love can change the present.
Letting go of the past is the most important practice of loving yourself.
A person is made up of the past, present, and future.
We can't change past experiences no matter what. For those who have hurt us, we can certainly choose to hate and choose revenge, but when we take revenge, why are we not suffering?
To fight with the past, fight with hatred, is to fight with oneself.
Injure one thousand enemies, and self-inflict eight hundred.
Those who truly know how to love themselves know how to let go.
Buddha said, let go and be at ease.
Instead of hating the past, it is better to love the present and look forward to the future.
A person's life is always spent in love and being loved, being loved is a person's luck, and being able to love is a person's ability.
A person has a lot of love, which is a gift from God to him, but if a person can give a lot of love, it is an even greater gift.
Because others love us because we are cute, and we love others because we understand love.
There is a saying: I want to be a gentle person because I have experienced the feeling of being treated gently.
But here we want to say that when we learn to love people, people will naturally love us.
To learn to love others, you must first learn to love yourself.
If a person doesn't love himself enough, how can he love others?
Book Review: Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte
A must-read recommended for all women - "Jane Eyre"
On December 3, I watched the National Centre for the Performing Arts version of the play "Jane Eyre". Walking out of the theater, my heart could not calm down for a long time, thinking that I should always write something.
First is the show. As the country's top drama performance group, the actors, set, lighting and stage beauty of this play are impeccable. In particular, the heroine fully deduces the inner world of Jane Eyre, a strong, independent woman who dares to love and hate.
The elegant conversation temperament and gentle female beauty are even more deeply portrayed. Coupled with her own Westernized face, the interpretation of Jane Eyre has reached a perfect state.
If a thousand audiences have a thousand Jane Eyre in their hearts. I think that the "Jane Eyre" that night was not even a little bit inferior to any Jane Eyre in the hearts of more than a thousand viewers.
Secondly, I want to talk about the book itself. Jane Eyre is known as one of the most beautifully written novels in English literature, and in my limited knowledge, this evaluation is appropriate. Most of the descriptions of the psychology of the scenery in the text are beautifully worded and fluent as if they are poetry. I will not list here the familiar fragment, the cry for equal love:
"--do you think that because I am poor, humble, unbeautiful, and small, I have no soul and no heart? … "
and the following description is my favorite recommendation:
"I've been married for ten years now. I know what it's like to live with the person I love the most in the world and to live for him. I think I'm so happy, beyond words, because I'm totally my husband's life, just as he's totally mine. No woman is closer to my husband, more totally him than I am bone of bone, the flesh of flesh.
I'll never get tired of being with my Edward, just as we each will never get tired of that heart beating in our own breasts, so we always Stay together. For us, being together is as free as being alone and as joyful as being in company.
I think we talk all day, and talking to each other is just a more lively, Just audible thinking. I gave him all my trust, and he gave me all his trust. Our temperaments are just like each other, and the result is perfect harmony."
Compared with the beauty in words, the spiritual core of Jane Eyre's book, that is, the promotion and praise of Jane Eyre's noble personality, her sincere emotional praise, is more worthy of affirmation. In order to better understand these, I think it is necessary to remind readers to understand the background of this book.
The Victorian era was a glorious era in British history. During this period, the British economy developed rapidly and the gap between the rich and the poor widened sharply. There are obvious divisions among various social classes.
The working class, the middle class, the rich, and the aristocracy have completely different economic backgrounds, thus forming a completely different way of life, and they are full of discrimination and prejudice against each other.
Low status, is positioned as a tool for "partnering husbands and teaching children", serving husbands in the family, personally or directing maids to manage housework, and educating children is considered a woman's innate and only mission.
In fact, this means that women give up their independence completely and rely on family and men as their way of survival. The combination of this social background and views on women and marriage deprives women of the right to choose their destinies.
The only way out for them is to marry a man of the same class and with better economic conditions. Utilitarian marriage has become the mainstream marriage. All women can do is learn the techniques of pleasing and attracting men, so that they can get a good price in the marriage market in the future, or at least be able to find a buyer and sell it smoothly.
And women who fail to marry are considered "weird" and "superfluous", facing a tragic situation where they are uncared for, unsupported, and even more incomprehensible.
"The key to a woman's survival is that men support them and they serve men." In this context, in order to be more attractive in the marriage market, girls from middle-class and above families have learned from childhood various female celebrities and how to manage household chores. management of servants (if the economic conditions are possible), basic scientific knowledge, etc., and the learning of this scientific knowledge is just a taste of it, and it is enough to understand.
The purpose is to make girls' minds less empty, to have a certain language of communication with their husbands, or to talk about in social situations, and make them better ornaments for their husbands. As it was later summed up: Victorian women "are educated in every aspect toward some useful purpose: either to enhance their own charm or to cultivate their reserved, prudent, chaste,
In the future, they can act dignified in the role of housewife." Therefore, "elegance" is the ultimate goal of their education. In addition, "they also need to learn etiquette, dance, singing, painting, and other talents, as well as a foreign language, history, reading, writing, grammar, and other knowledge to increase their self-cultivation and make themselves look more elegant.
They even need to learn how to master The ability to faint to increase their own charm to attract men's attention. Of course, boys also need a good education, the purpose of this education is to cultivate the ability to enter boarding schools in the future, and eventually become able to support the family's financial burden and meet the needs of The gentleman of the imperial moral code.
This need for education gave birth to the profession of governess, usually by women of middle-class background, but in fact, women who were in poverty due to family failure, the death of their parents, or other reasons, were already in the working class And the borderline of the middle class but maintains some decency.
Jane Eyre, as a governess in Rochester, is a representative of lower-middle-class women. Rochester owns a manor, and land belongs to the squire class, and has entered the social circle of the lower aristocracy. It should be said that there is a big difference between the two in terms of male and female status and class status, and there is a relationship between master and servant in the name.
This kind of discrimination and prejudice between classes can be seen everywhere in the book. It is conceivable that the combination of the two is not in line with mainstream values.
In this regard, Jane Eyre showed a clear sense of equality and expressed a clear resistance to this unfair discrimination. She believes that in the face of love, every soul is equal, whether male or female, rich or poor, beautiful or ugly, all have the right to love and be loved. Love is an equal and beautiful union of two souls and has nothing to do with property or status.
The idea was bold and novel at the time, and it shocked readers at the time. In today's society, the idea of equality between men and women is taken for granted, and it can be said that Jane Eyre is one of the reasons why the idea of equality between men and women is widely accepted.
I highly recommend Jane Eyre, aside from the charm of universal values that will not fade with time. Another important reason is that in today's, this book, surprisingly and of course, has renewed the significance of the times.
Careless readers will surely find that current society is so similar to the Victorian era, it is a period of rapid development of social material civilization, the gap between the rich and the poor has widened sharply, the social stratum is stratified, and there is no lack of mutual hostility.
In the relationship between the sexes, more financial responsibilities are given to men (in the Victorian era, men were required to support family expenses, support wives and children, and hire servants, and now men are obliged to buy houses).
The utilitarian element of marriage has grown considerably more than ever (it is fair to say that the utilitarian nature of marriage is universal in all eras, but its severity varies).
On the face of it, Victorian women were treated favorably, and their husbands were obliged to provide for them. But remember this saying: "There is no such thing as a free lunch". Women gain economic support but lose dignity and equality.
If the economy is not independent, the personality cannot be independent, and there is no way to talk about equality in status. This is confirmed by all history since written records.
When marriage is filled with utilitarian motives, the process of finding a husband or wife becomes a process of finding the right buyer and seller between markets. And this process has become the center of women's lives.
In Wilde's "Ideal Husband", Mrs. Cheeverley believes that "social activities in London revolve around marriage. People either seek husbands or avoid them." Visible. , looking for a husband was very common at the time, but it was not based on serious consideration of marriage objects or love.
"Victorian women made marriage a goal, and for unmarried women, music, painting, embroidery, popular fiction, grooming, and overseeing servants filled their day-to-day lives. Their job was to find a husband, a guarantee of happiness."
For these women, an ideal marriage can change and guarantee their social status, if not happy, at least have a decent social status and comfortable living conditions.
But there can be no love without equality, and during the same period, infidelity in marriage was very common among men, with married men taking mistresses as long as they had money, and wives turning a deaf ear.
As Mrs. Windermere said, "I heard that in London it is impossible for a husband not to cheat." Because of the utilitarian motive of marriage, women pawn off their capital in pursuit of love.
On the other hand, girls are themselves victims of the material demands of their future husbands. Because of these economic demands, marriage has become more and more expensive during this period.
For a young middle-class man just starting his career, It is certainly a heavy burden to marry a woman of the same class and maintain a decent family commensurate with her status.
Under these circumstances, some men take the evasive method of being unwilling to marry, and many more delay the age of marriage until they can support a family worthy of their status. In 1861 someone wrote a letter to The Times in which concerns about this increasingly expensive marriage were made clear.
"Girls are now raised lavishly and selfishly, and they expect the same lavishness from their husbands, and unless the husband's means are infinite, meeting the demands of such a modern wife will soon make him In extreme poverty. . . . the price of decency may be too high.”, the direct consequence is the leftover girl tide. For a period, unmarried women accounted for 1/7 of women aged 45 to 49 in England and Wales, and as high as 1/5 in Scotland.
The UK calls this the "Surplus women problem", which is why some people say: "Britain is the motherland of the old maids" (Note: Rita S. Kranidis, The Victorian Spinster and Colonial Emigration[M], St. Martins Press, 1999.), these phenomena are so obvious that they become significant social problems. Most of the "leftover" women lived their entire lives in loneliness.
Clearly, these Victorian problems are reappearing in contemporary China. As I have quoted famously - there is nothing new under the sun, all history is just a spiral of reincarnation. For example, many women (including mother-in-law and the perception of many people in society) now require men to provide housing or at least a down payment.
This is different in form from the Victorian requirement that a man can support a whole family including a wife who does not work, but it is almost the same in essence - both require men to mainly bear the burden of the family economy, and women to be dependent status.
And the results are precisely reincarnated in a way that history has already played out: men who lack financial ability postpone their marriages and work hard to obtain sufficient economic foundations, while men who already have economic foundations, or who have achieved economic foundations, can be picky.
The taste and vision, are just like choosing a commodity, waiting for women's flattery and promotion. A large number of women are unable to find suitable marriage partners and become "leftover women"...
Although it was written in the 19th century, Jane Eyre is so meaningful for reference and alert to today!
Only economic independence and equality (where equality is not equality, not equalization, but that both parties have common responsibilities for everything in the family and do not favor one party because of gender) can we exchange for equality of personality, only personality Equality is the only way to have a sincere love. All of this has been proven many times by history and has become an unbreakable truth.
Every woman needs such a process to build her own strong heart, in order to look forward to a real awakening from the heart so that she can face life confidently and independently. Only in this way can women achieve ultimate consummation and liberation.
In this process of self-building, Jane Eyre will be a very good spiritual guide. That's why I think Jane Eyre is a must-read for girls. Whether male or female, we may or may not be so surprised to discover that the answer to happiness is found in the entire world, and the key to the answer lies within us.
Jane Eyre's Analysis and each chapter Summary
"Jane Eyre" is a realistic novel with strong romanticism and an autobiographical novel, which explains such a theme: human value = dignity + love. Jane Eyre's life pursuit in "Jane Eyre" has two basic melodies: the spirit of passion, fantasy, resistance, and perseverance; the desire for freedom and happiness in the world, and the pursuit of a higher spiritual realm.
The theme of this novel is to successfully create an image of a woman who is uneasy about the status quo, unwilling to be humiliated, and dares to fight through the rough life experience of an orphan girl. Man's desire to become a capitalized man.
The protagonist Jane Eyre is a pure-hearted and thoughtful woman who lives at the bottom of society and suffers all kinds of hardships. But she has a stubborn character and the courage to pursue equality and happiness.
With strong lyrical brushwork and deep and delicate psychological description, the novel has a strong artistic power that shocks the soul. Its most successful point is to create an image of a woman who dares to resist and fight for freedom and equality.
The following is a summary of the chapters of "Jane Eyre" organized by the editor, let's take a look!
A brief summary of each chapter of Jane Eyre
Chapter 1: Jane Eyre's father was a poor pastor, and both of her parents died of illness when she was young. Jane Eyre was brought up by her aunt, Mrs. Reed, at Gateshead Manor.
Chapter 2: Jane Eyre lived 10 years of discrimination and abuse after her uncle, Mr. Reed, died in the red house. Once, for resisting the beatings of her cousin, Jane was locked up in the red house. Physical pain and spiritual humiliation and fear made her seriously ill.
Chapter 3: The aunt sees her as a thorn in her side isolates her from her own children, and decides to send her to the Darrowwood Orphanage.
Chapter 4: As her confrontation with her aunt is more open and firm, Mrs. Reed hastened the pace of sending Jane Eyre to the orphanage. In order to drive Jane Eyre away, she slandered Jane Eyre in front of Mr. Brockhurst and destroyed Jane Eyre's reputation.
Chapter 5: The orphanage's rules are strict, life is hard, and the dean is a ruthless hypocrite. He devastated orphans in various ways, both mentally and physically. Jane Eyre couldn't get enough to eat or wear warm clothes and continued to suffer inhuman torture.
Chapter 6: Jane Eyre becomes friends with the orphan Helen, and Miss Tambor, the teacher, is also very concerned about her.
Chapter 7: Jane Eyre accidentally broke the slate, was punished for standing on a stool, and was humiliated in public. It was Helen's smile that gave Jane Eyre her strength.
Chapter 8: The sad Jane Eyre didn't get off the stool until school was over. She was so sad and angry that Helen brought her coffee and bread and kept guiding her. Miss Temple also came to visit her and talked with Helen about the past and the present, which made Jane Eyre admirable.
Chapter 9: In an orphanage, a contagious typhus fever took the lives of many orphans, and Helen died from this typhoid fever, which hit Jane Eyre very hard.
Chapter 10: Typhus leads to massive improvement in orphanages. Jane was educated in the new environment for six years and taught at the school for two years. With the departure of Miss Templer, Jane, tired of living in the orphanage, advertises for a career as a tutor.
Chapter Eleven: The housekeeper of Thornfield Manor hired her. The huge mansion has only one girl, Adela Vallon, who is less than 10 years old. Mr. Rochester is her protector and she is a student of Jane Eyre. Jane Eyre came to Thornfield Manor, where everything was solemn and grand.
Chapter 12: One evening, Jane Eyre went out for a walk and met the master who had just returned from abroad. This was the first time they met. Rochester fell off the frightened horse, and Jane hurriedly stepped forward to help him. When she got home, Jane knew that he was the manor Rochester.
Chapter Thirteen: Adele is not easy to teach, inattentive, making excuses everywhere to find Mr. Robert. Mr. Robert communicated with Jane Eyre face to face learned about Jane Eyre's past and made comments on Jane Eyre's paintings.
Chapter Fourteen: She finds out that her master is a melancholy, moody man with mixed attitudes toward her. The whole house was gloomy and empty.
Chapter 15: At night, Jane Eyre was awakened by a strange laugh, and found that Rochester's door was open and the bed was on fire. She woke Rochester and put out the fire. Rochester told Jane Eyre that Grace Poole, a woman who lived on the third floor, was insane, gave out creepy laughter, and asked her to keep it a secret.
Chapter 16: Jane Eyre struggles to make up her mind, guesses the reason indiscriminately, and wants to see Mr. Robert, but can't wait for him.
Chapter 17: After Rochester returns, family dinners are often held, and Thornfield Manor is busy up and down. At a family dinner courtesy of a beautiful lady named Ingram, Jane is called into the drawing room but is treated coldly by Blanche's mother and daughter, who endure the humiliation and leave the drawing room.
Chapter 18: At the banquet, Rochester insisted that Jane Eyre also goes to the living room. The guests were very arrogant towards Jane Eyre, but Rochester invited Jane Eyre to dance. At this time, Rochester had fallen in love with Jane, and Jane felt to develop feelings for Rochester.
Chapter 19: Rochester goes out, and a veiled gypsy arrives at home. When it was Jane Eyre's turn to tell her fortune, Jane Eyre discovered that this mysterious gypsy was Rochester, and he wanted to test Jane's feelings for him.
Chapter 20: Another stranger named Mason came to the manor. He was bitten by a mysterious woman on the third floor that night. Jane helped Rochester secretly send him away.
Chapter 21: Soon, Mrs. Reed sent for Jane, saying that she was dying and wanted to see Jane. Back at her aunt's house, Mrs. Reed sent her a letter from Jane's uncle three years ago, asking her about her niece and giving her inheritance to Jane Eyre. Mrs. Reed lied that Jane had died in an orphanage, and she didn't find her conscience until she died and told Jane the truth.
Chapter 22: Jane Eyre's return to Thornfield Manor feels like home. There was speculation that Rochester would propose to Miss Blanche.
Chapter 23: Rochester woos Jane Eyre, Jane Eyre agrees, and her heart is full of happiness.
Chapter 24: Rochester and Jane Eyre prepare for their wedding. Roberto loves Jane Eyre very much, Jane Eyre regards Roberto as her whole world, and he is Jane Eyre's idol.
Chapter 25: On the eve of the wedding, Jane Eyre wakes up from her dream and sees a tall, hideous woman wearing her wedding dress and tearing the veil into pieces. Rochester told her it was just a dream, and when Jane woke up the next day, the veil of her wedding dress was really in pieces.
Chapter 26: The wedding goes on as planned, and an uninvited guest breaks into the church, claiming that the wedding cannot take place, saying that Rochester married Mr. Mason's sister Bertha Mason 15 years ago. Rochester admitted this fact and showed the madwoman locked up on the third floor, his legal wife. She has a history of hereditary mental illness, the one she set on fire in her Rochester room and the one she shredded Jane's wedding dress.
Chapter 27: Jane Eyre goes through a severe test, the law hinders their love, and the two fall into deep pain.
Chapter 28: On a stormy night, Jane Eyre left Thornfield Manor in grief. She spent all her savings and slept in the open air, begging along the way, going through all kinds of hardships, and finally fainted in front of the priest St. John's house, and was rescued by St. John and his two sisters.
Chapter 29: Jane Eyre slept for three days and three nights, and finally woke up. Under the care of St. John's family, she gradually regained her strength. Jane Eyre was taken in by St. John who offered her a job as a village teacher.
Chapter 30: Jane Eyre gradually became familiar with everything here. Soon, Jane learned that her uncle died and left her an estate, and also found out that St. John was her cousin, Jane decided to divide the property equally.
Chapter 31: A mountain village farmhouse has become Jane's home. She has twenty students, of whom only three can read and none can write and count. Jane's responsibility is to nurture this bud. At dusk, Jane comforted herself as she watched the sunset when St. John Rivers came to ask Jane how she felt about her first day of work.
Chapter Thirty-two: Jane Eyre devoted herself to the job of a rural female teacher, and gradually became a favorite of the villagers. In those days, Jane Eyre was calm on the surface, but she often met Robert in her dreams. Sir, I am restless.
Chapter Thirty-Three: St. John is a fanatical believer, ready to go on a mission to India, and proposes to Jane Eyre before leaving, but he tells her frankly that he wants to marry her not because he loves her, but because he needs a good friend Parenting assistant.
Chapter Thirty-Four: Jane Eyre felt that she should repay his kindness, but she refused to agree to him. That night, St. John was on the moor waiting for Jane Eyre's answer, and when Jane Eyre was about to make a decision, she seemed to hear Rochester calling her name from afar.
Chapter thirty-five: St. John is very confident that Jane Eyre will follow him, and constantly makes every effort to help Jane Eyre make up her mind to marry him as soon as possible. Jane Eyre almost lost the courage to fight under the inspiration of the saint. At that moment, Jane Eyre felt that there was a voice in her heart calling her constantly, making Jane Eyre unable to resist, Jane Eyre knew how to choose.
Chapter Thirty-Six: The telepathic Jane Eyre rushes back to Thornfield Manor, which is in ruins and falls to her death after learning that a mad woman has set it on fire, and Rochester is also injured and maimed, living alone in a house a few miles away. on a farm.
Chapter Thirty-Seven: Jane Eyre finally found Mr. Robert and was shocked. She married him and got her ideal happy life.
Chapter Thirty-Eight: Two years later, Rochester had one eye healed, and he saw Jane Eyre's first child for him.
Reading Notes: "Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte"
"Jane Eyre" is the representative work of Charlotte Bronte, a famous British female writer in the 19th century. It is generally believed that "Jane Eyre" is Charlotte Bronte's "poetic life portrayal", and is an autobiographical work. The following is a Jane Eyre reading notes:
It took more than three days to finally read Jane Eyre, and I know this is a very arduous process. For the past few days, except for eating and sleeping, I spent almost all my time in this novel from a faraway country.
This novel is a realistic novel with strong romanticism. "Jane Eyre" is a well-known work, along with a novel with autobiographical color. Jane Eyre's life pursuit in "Jane Eyre" has two basic melodies: the spirit of passion, fantasy, resistance, and perseverance; the desire for freedom and happiness in the world, and the pursuit of a higher spiritual realm.
The theme of this novel is to successfully create an image of a woman who is uneasy about the status quo, unwilling to be humiliated and dares to fight through the rough life experience of an orphan girl, reflecting the callsign and censure of an ordinary soul's candid confession, a lowercase person The desire to be a capital person.
The novel mainly describes the love between Jane Eyre and Rochester. Jane Eyre's view of love further deepens her personality. She believes that love should be based on spiritual equality, not on social status, wealth, and appearance. Only men and women who truly love each other can get real happiness. In the pursuit of personal happiness, Jane Eyre showed extraordinary innocence, simple thoughts and feelings, and indomitable courage.
She did not give up her pursuit of happiness because of her servant status. Her love was pure and noble. She disdained Rochester's wealth. Friend, be honest with her. For Rochester, Jane Eyre was a breath of fresh air that lifted his spirits. Rochester was used to seeing the cold and hypocritical of the upper class in the past, but Jane Eyre's simple, kind, and independent personality reawakened his pursuit and yearning for life.
Therefore, he can sincerely express his good wishes and determination to change in front of Jane. Jane Eyre sympathized with Rochester's unfortunate fate, believing that his mistakes were caused by objective circumstances. Although he was not good-looking and was later bankrupt and maimed, she saw his inner beauty and sympathetic misfortune, so she ended up marrying him.
The novel criticizes the money-based concept of marriage and love through Rochester's two completely different love experiences, and always depicts the love between Jane Eyre and Rochester as a complete tacit understanding of thought, talent, quality, and spirit. This novel shows that the best life for people is human dignity and love, and the ending of the novel arranges such a life for the heroine.
Although such an ending is too perfect, and even this consummation itself marks a superficial, although Rochester's manor is ruined, and Rochester himself has become a disabled person, it is such a condition that Jane Eyre is no longer between dignity and love. Contradictory, and at the same time satisfying, she married Rochester with dignity and, of course, love.
However, while I have to complain, I have to admit that it's brilliant and charming. It is rare to see such a charming exotic. This interesting story of the 19th century in England made me feel a lot. In fact, I should have contacted this book earlier, and many people have already introduced it. It's a pity that I have a little bit of xenophobic affection, and it's been a bit late to see it until now.
As a foreigner, I have a little difficulty adjusting to British thinking and religious beliefs. However, most of the true feelings in the world are the same. Whenever I read that little Jane Eyre was abused and discriminated against because she had no relatives and no reason, the feeling of pity in my heart was unforgettable; how excited I was every time Jane Eyre saved her life again and again; How inspiring and shocking was John's proposal to hold on to the true love in his heart; especially at the end of the article, when she abandoned everything to take care of the poor Edward, my heart burst out with joy and emotion.
About this novel, I think its greatest success is its brilliant fusion of many artistic aspects. I'm sure the author of this book is a multi-talented writer.
First of all, when she depicts the landscape, she appreciates it from the aesthetic angle of a painter and grasps the harmony of light and shadow with the taste of a painter. When reading novels, it is rare to see such a delicate description of the scenery.
Secondly, Charlotte Porrant is also very knowledgeable in linguistics. As an Englishman, the author can say that he is proficient in at least three foreign languages. While reading this book, I felt like I could feel the whole European culture through it.
Take, for example, the pride and gentility of the British, the great-power atmosphere of Germany, and the natural romance of French women. It even read out the colonialism of the British that discriminates against the Orientals, for example, they called India a barbaric nation.
Once again, Charlotte Borante's handling of emotional dramas can be called very clever. Her protagonists rarely fall in love at first sight, which is more realistic, but the love she bestows always silently penetrates the hearts of readers. Such an ingenious emotional drama surprised and surprised me.
When I read this book, I felt like I had read the Bible. Westerners have deep feelings for religion and sincere belief, which is really admirable. When I read "Jane Eyre", I felt the pure beauty of human affection that can only be obtained under the nurture of religion.